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Capsular Contracture

Capsular Contracture

Capsular Contracture describes abnormal thickening of the normal scar tissue (capsule) that the body forms around all breast implants.

The capsule is not normally noticeable, and will present itself as soft to slightly firm and is important as it keeps the implant in position.

capsular contracture symptoms

In a number of patients (10-15%) however, capsular contracture will occur, and this causes the hardening of the breast. This can be painful and cause the shape of the breast to distort, often raising it higher on the chest.

what causes capsular contracture

There are a number of theories on what causes capsular contractures and it’s likely that the exact cause varies from patient to patient. In addition to implant rupture, biofilm (a thin layer of bacteria that develops around the implants) often leads to the development of this condition. The biofilm is believed to cause a kind of chronic, low-grade infection that may not produce noticeable symptoms. However, as the body combats this infection, it produces more and more scar tissue, leading to capsular contracture.

Other complications of breast augmentation, such as haematomas and seromas can increase the risk of capsular contracture. Sometimes capsular contracture is caused by the patient’s own body reacting poorly to breast implants, and it is possible that genetics play a role. We do know however, that the risk is much higher after radiotherapy.

The treatment of capsular contracture consists of removing the capsule (capsulectomy). Your breast implants may need to be replaced with new ones at the same time. If you are concerned that your breasts have become harder, more painful and changed shape, please book an appointment with Miss Breahna to discuss your symptoms .

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The Grosvenor Hospital
Nuffield Health
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Chester CH4 7QP

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